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Santa Bárbara > Historia > Historia de Santa Bárbara
Nov 21
Historia de Santa Bárbara
Publicado por Juanca (37274 lecturas)
Historia de Santa Bárbara
Poblada por indígenas Huetares, quienes habitaron en el valle de Barva, y luego fue un asentamiento español.

Era conocido como Churruca o Surruco.

Cuenta la leyenda que "una vecina llamada Bárbara, habiendo obtenido de un franciscano una pequeña imagen de esa santa, le hizo un altar en su casa, y ..."

En su origen fue poblada por indígenas Huetares, quienes habitaron en el valle de Barva, región que fue un asentamiento español, situado entre el río Virilla y el monte de Aguacate. En estas tierras se fueron estableciendo algunos españoles que con la ayuda forzada de los indígenas formaron sus haciendas de ganado, fincas de labrar, con sus trapiches y cultivos especiales de maíz, frijoles, legumbres, trigo, tabaco, algodón, caña de azúcar, zarzaparrilla y algunas plantas medicinales, sin olvidar cría de gallinas, de cerdos y de vacas.

Durante el siglo XVIII se fundaron las poblaciones de Heredia y Alajuela, habitadas por vecinos del valle de Barva y de otros lugares.

Sobre la fundación de haciendas en este Valle, se tienen datos de que el 19 de enero de 1663, se concedieron a la ciudad de Cartago algunos potreros para ganado y labranza situados en esta región. Uno de ellos localizado en lo que hoy corresponde al distrito de Jesús. Fue otorgado al maestro Joseph Sandoval Ocampo; otro fue llamado Tapatalanga o Anonos y estaba en la región al norte de San Pedro y Santa Bárbara, hacia Zetillal.

Al fundarse Alajuela en 1782 se menciona como uno de los barrios que la formaban a Targuás o Los Targuases, antiguo nombre de lo que conocemos como San Pedro y Desamparados de Alajuela. Para la época este barrio tenía una población de setenta y seis hombres y dieciséis mujeres.

El nombre de San Pedro aparece citado en el año de 1819, cuando "el señor Juan Pablo Lara compra una casa en San Pedro, alias targuaces y unas tierras en el mismo sitio colindante con una quebrada llamada La Claudia".

El nombre de Santa Bárbara se menciona en un documento del año 1821, pero según la tradición era conocido como Churruca o Surruco.

El porqué del patronazgo a Santa Bárbara, nos es explicado en una leyenda que decía que "una vecina llamada Bárbara, habiendo obtenido de un franciscano una pequeña imagen de esa santa, le hizo un altar en su casa, y a ella acudía cuando las tormentas, que eran muy frecuentes y fuertes en el pueblo; la santa oía los ruegos de su devota y el vecindario se fue poco a poco enterando y comprobando sus bondades hasta que definitivamente se impuso unánimemente a su devoción".

Entre los pioneros del pueblo barbareño estaban: Ambrosio Arias, Juan Cortés, Andrés Murillo, Gregorio Cuadra, Salvador Sánchez, José María Palma, Juan Bastos, Victorio Cortés, Joaquín Gutiérrez, José Angel Sánchez, José Dolores González y Diego Murillo.

Poco a poco la población de Santa Bárbara fue creciendo, y las aspiraciones de los vecinos que vivían en ella, eran cada vez más grandes, así tenemos que "en 1846, los cuatro barrios de Santa Bárbara contaban con un total de 1.500 habitantes, y de éstos, 1.000 vivían en San Pedro, los vecinos de ellos concurrían a la ermita de Santa Bárbara todos los domingos, ya que ese día estaba atendida por un sacerdote. La causa de la ubicación de la ermita en el lugar donde se hallaba, era debido a que se encontraba en el centro de los cuatro barrios".

Existe una confrontación entre las personas que han investigado lo referente a la ubicación de la primera ermita, dado que, según el historiador Carlos Meléndez, ésta se levantó aproximadamente a dos cuadras al sur de donde la iglesia está actualmente. El documento de la serie gobernación N. 2383 del Archivo Nacional de Costa Rica, fechado 15 de mayo de 1854, indica que la ermita estaba 200 metros al sur de la plaza. Sin embargo, tampoco es posible afirmar si la plaza esta donde está el actual parque o en qué lugar. De ser así tendría razón el Lic. Meléndez.

Además, de acuerdo al historiador José Antonio Salas, investigador que ha estudiado más científicamente el asunto, la erección de dicha ermita fue en el año de 1837.

Tomado de: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_B%C3%A1rbara_%28cant%C3%B3n%29
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Enviado: 20/6/2011 9:53  Actualizado: 20/6/2011 9:53
 Re: Historia de Santa Bárbara
Hola
mi Nombre es JOSE ANTONIO HERNANDEZ GUANA, soy de una población de Cundinamarca llamada Vergara. En mi pueblo la Iglesia se llama Parroquia Santa Barbara de Vergara y tengo 38 años. En Mi pueblo no existe la deboción a nuestra patrona, simplemente la jente va a misa , pero no hay una novena, ni testimonio de que Santa Barbara haya realizado algun favor.
Yo en días pasados tube una necesidad y busque por internet y me encontre con una novena corta a Santa Barbara.
La realice con devoción y le prometi a nuestra patrona que si me cumplia mi deseo, recolectaria información sobre Ella y divulgaria la devoción en mi pueblo.
Es por esto que hando buscando información al respecto sobre Santa Barbara ( Novenas, Historia, Relato de Favores etc) para poder incrementar la devoción por Santa Barbara en mi pueblo.
Agradezco si me pueden suministrar información para poder cumplir con mi promesa.

joanhergu@hotmail.com
Cra. 1 Sur No. 8a-31 San carlos Facatativá Cundinamarca Colombia.
3202359310
Gracias
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Enviado: 12/12/2010 11:26  Actualizado: 12/12/2010 11:26
 Re: Historia de Santa Bárbara
yo desde muy pequena comence aver la imagen de santa barbara en un altar en casa de mi tia cuando estaba parada frente al altar sentia muchas sensaciones juntas algo que no podia esplicar con mi corta paso mucho tienpo hoy tengo 33anos de eda y tengo mi propio altar yla benero todos los dias por ser tan poderosa y venevolente ella me a forjado una mujer muy fuerte ydecidida en circustancia dificiles de la vida le doy gracias a dios todo poderoso por ponermelaen mi camino
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Enviado: 4/12/2010 19:54  Actualizado: 4/12/2010 19:54
 Re: Historia de Santa Bárbara
UN SALUDO PARA LE DIA DE SANTA BARARA
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